Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder caused due to static ischemic brain injury. Hypoxia during birth process or after birth can cause brain damage and cause cerebral palsy. Depending on area of brain involved due to ischemia symptoms of cerebral Palsy manifest and results in abnormal movement of various body parts of a child.
Cerebral Palsy can be any of the four different types – spastic (most common), ataxic, athetoid / dyskinetic, and mixed. Despite being a non-progressive neurological disorder, Cerebral Palsy affects a child’s motor function and muscle movement. About 70% of children suffer with spastic cerebral palsy which is caused due to damage caused to brain’s motor corex. Early diagnosis and timely intervention can give better results.
As discussed earlier cerebral Palsy is caused due to brain injury due to hypoxia caused by many reasons like birth trauma, Meconium aspiration, and increase billirubin level during early days of life as well as abnormal development of brain. Prematurity is one of the risk factor for cerebral palsy. Some genetic disorders like enzyme deficiency and intrauterine infections may also lead to cerebral palsy.
The symptoms of Cerebral Palsy differ from child to child based on severity of the brain damage. It may affect one limb (monoplegic), Bilateral lower limb and one upper limb (Diplegic), half of body (Hemiplegic), all four limbs (Quadriplegic), all limbs trunk and head (Total body involvement). The common symptoms of Cerebral Palsy are muscles weakness, spasticity, difficulty in moving the joints, lack of muscle balance and coordination. Other problems like squint, difficulty in speech, problem in sucking/swallowing, drooling of saliva, delay in motor development, and gastrointestinal problems. Developmental delay and delay in all milestones like neck holding, sitting, standing, walking etc all are delay.
Parents first notice this problem when there is delay in milestone like neck holding and sitting. Detailed history about prematurity, birth trauma, meconium aspiration, low APGAR score, history of resuscitation after birth, jaundice, pneumonia etc gives idea about cause of cerebral palsy. In older child clinical examination to check spasticity, reflaxes confirms diagnosis. Cranial ultrasound, MRI is a diagnostic tool to examine area involve in the brain.
Treatment of cerebral palsy involves multispecialty like developmental paediatrician, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, speech therapist, eye care, psychologist, dietician, and orthopaedic surgeon and orthotist. A combined approach gives better results. Dr. Nargesh Agrawal is among the Best Cerebral Palsy Surgeon in Delhi. The child must be treated without any delay. Treatment of Cerebral Palsy primarily focuses on making the child self-sufficient and helping him to live independently. An orthopedic surgeon always combine traditional therapy, medication, and surgery to improve the child’s motor functionalities.
Early the treatment better is the results. Treatment should be started from very first year of life. The recovery period of Cerebral Palsy differs according to severity of symptoms and treatment. The therapists help the child to live independently and improve his quality of life. The combination of medication, surgery and braces further improves the child’s motor functions.
Cerebral Palsy in Kids: Treatment Options and Solutions
Cerebral Palsy is a neurological disorder that affects movement, muscle coordination, and body posture. It is a life-long condition that can have a significant impact on a child’s development, but fortunately, there are many treatment options available for children with cerebral palsy.
Dr. Nargesh is an experienced cerebral palsy surgeon in Delhi, India, and can provide expert advice and guidance about the best treatment options for your child. He is highly experienced in treating cerebral palsy in infants and children, and can advise you about the most suitable treatment plan for your child.
Cerebral Palsy is a complex condition, and there are many different types. The most common types of cerebral palsy include spastic, athetoid, ataxic and mild cerebral palsy. Each type of cerebral palsy has different symptoms, and the treatment plan must be tailored to each individual child.
Types of Cerebral Palsy.
Depending on the type of cerebral palsy, treatment may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, medications, surgery, and other treatments. Physical therapy helps to improve mobility, muscle strength, coordination, and range of motion. Occupational therapy can help children with cerebral palsy become independent in activities of daily living. Speech therapy can help improve communication and cognitive skills. Medications are also used to control muscle spasms and improve mobility. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct joint deformities or relieve muscle spasms.
Cerebral therapy is also available for children with cerebral palsy. This involves a range of activities, such as music therapy, art therapy, and yoga, which may help to improve motor skills, speech, and overall wellbeing.
Cerebral Palsy is a complex condition, so it is important to get a thorough diagnosis from a qualified doctor. Dr. Nargesh is an experienced cerebral palsy surgeon in Delhi who can provide an accurate diagnosis and develop a treatment plan tailored to your child’s needs. With the right treatment, children with cerebral palsy can lead full and rewarding lives.
Type of home exercise for Cerebral Palsy kids.
1. Range of Motion Exercises: These exercises help improve the flexibility of muscles and joints which are affected by Cerebral Palsy. Range of motion exercises can be done using large foam rollers, small balls, and other equipment.
2. Strength Training: Strength training helps to improve muscle strength and endurance. Exercises such as weight lifting and resistance band exercises are beneficial for Cerebral Palsy kids.
3. Balance Exercises: Balance exercises help the child to maintain their balance and coordination. Exercises such as standing on one foot, walking on a balance beam, and playing with a ball can help develop balance.
4. Coordination Exercises: Coordination exercises help to improve the coordination between the upper and lower body. Exercises such as throwing a ball, playing catch, and obstacle courses can help improve coordination.
5. Core Strengthening Exercises: Core strengthening exercises help to strengthen the core muscles, which are important for balance and posture. Exercises such as planks, crunches, and bridges can help strengthen the core.
6. Yoga: Yoga can help improve flexibility, balance, strength, and coordination. Yoga poses can be modified for children with Cerebral Palsy to ensure safety and maximize benefits.
7. Swimming: Swimming provides a low-impact way to build strength and endurance. Swimming is also beneficial for improving balance and coordination.
8. Tai Chi: Tai chi is a form of martial arts that can help improve balance and coordination. It is also a great way to reduce stress and improve overall wellbeing.
9. Cycling: Cycling is a great way to improve cardiovascular fitness and build strength in the legs. It can also help improve coordination and balance.
10. Dancing: Dancing is a fun way to improve coordination, balance, and strength. It is also a great way to have fun and express yourself.