It is three dimensional deformity of foot involving either one or both feet since birth. The affected foot of a child looks like being rotated internally & downward at the ankle. If left untreated, can cause severe gait abnormality during walking as child walk on outer part of sole and ankle.
It’s a one of the most common concern of parents and results in their anxiety. Normally, each child’s legs appear bowed inside till he is two years old known as Physiological Genu Varum. On the contrary child’s knees appear knocked till he is six years of age.
Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder caused due to static ischemic brain injury. Depending on area of brain involved due to ischemia symptoms of cerebral Palsy manifest and results in abnormal movement of various body parts of a child.
It is normal for children to sustain injuries while indulging in physical activities and sports. Each time a fracture occurs, the child’s bone is broken either partially or completely. Boys are more likely to sustain fractures than girls.
Scoliosis is a three dimensional deformity of spine in which spine get deform and bend on either side of body. Early diagnosis of scoliosis can give better chances of correction as spine becomes more rigid with increasing age.
Flat foot (also called pes planus or fallen arches) is a postural deformity in which the gap between foot and the floor collapse, with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground.
Trigger thumb/ fingers is a condition in which thumb or finger of a child pops, clicks or catches when they try to straighten it. Thumb may lock in a bent position. If the thumb locks, child can pull it straight using their other hand.
Hip joint is a ball & socket type joint. Sometimes the hip joints of an infant do not develop properly during early stages of foetal development. A careful examination can detect it early and can be treated early with good results.
Children are highly susceptible for joint infections. Any joint of body can catch infection but most common is hip joint. Joint infection adversely affects the child’s growth and leads to physical dysfunction. It should be treated as an emergency basis.